Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus, which infects the liver and is highly contagious. Its severity can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe illness lasting several months. Hepatitis A usually spreads when a person swallows fecal matter even in microscopic amounts from consuming beverages that have been contaminated with the stool of an infected person. The virus is one of several types of hepatitis viruses that affect the liver’s ability to function.
Hepatitis A occurs worldwide. When any water source, including private wells, is contaminated with fecal matter from infected humans, water can transmit the hepatitis A virus. The virus can enter the water through a variety of pathways, including wastewater overflow, malfunctioning sewer systems, and contaminated stormwater runoff. Wells can be more vulnerable to such contamination after a flood, particularly if they are shallow or have been drilled, filled, or flooded for long periods. Mild cases of hepatitis A need no treatment. Most people with the infection recover completely without permanent liver damage. Practicing good hygiene habits, including frequent hand washing, is one of the best ways to protect against hepatitis A.
Signs and symptoms of hepatitis A usually don’t appear until a person has been infected with the virus for a few weeks. But not everyone with hepatitis A has these signs and symptoms. If you have it, hepatitis A signs and symptoms may include fatigue, sudden vomiting and nausea, abdominal pain or discomfort, especially on the upper right side under your lower ribs (next to your liver), clay-colored stools, loss of appetite, low-grade fever, Dark urine, joint pain, Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, and severe itching. These symptoms can be relatively mild and disappear within weeks. However, hepatitis A infection sometimes leads to severe illness that lasts for several months. common clinical symptoms of hepatitis are jaundice, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and hepatitis.
The risk of contracting hepatitis A increases when traveling or working in many parts of the world where hepatitis A is common. Being in or working in childcare Living with someone else who has hepatitis A Sexual contact with someone who has hepatitis A infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and many other possible factors. Unlike other types of viral hepatitis, hepatitis A does not cause long-term liver damage and does not become chronic. In rare cases, the hepatitis A virus causes a sudden loss of liver function, especially in elderly people or people with chronic liver disease. Acute liver failure requires hospitalization for observation and treatment. Some people with acute liver failure may need a liver transplant. The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus.
If you are concerned about your risk of hepatitis A, follow travel protection measures if you are traveling to places in the world where hepatitis A is common. Peel and wash all fresh fruits and vegetables yourself. Don’t eat raw or undercooked meat and fish. Drink bottled water and use it when you brush your teeth. And Avoid all drinks of unknown purity or sources.