Meningitis is an inflammation of the liquid and membranes (meninges) around the brain and spinal cord that often causes swelling. The majority of meningitis cases are caused by a viral infection, but bacteria, parasites, and fungi are other triggers. While some meningitis cases get better without treatment in a few weeks, others can be life-threatening and require emergency treatment with antibiotics.
The first symptoms of meningitis can be similar to those of influenza. Symptoms can develop in hours or days. Possible signs and symptoms for any person over 2 years of age include high sudden fever, stiff neck, severe headache that seems different from normal, headache with nausea or vomiting, confusion or difficulty concentrating, convulsions, sleepiness or difficulty waking, Light sensitivity Loss of appetite or thirst Rash (in certain cases, such as meningococcal meningitis). Newborns may experience high temperatures, constant crying, excessive sleep or irritability, difficulty in waking up lethargic or laziness, vomiting, and sometimes swelling in the soft part of the child’s head (fontanel).
There are generally three types of meningitis most common around the world. Viral meningitis is generally benign and disappears by itself. Most cases are caused by a group of viruses called enteroviruses, which are most commonly found in late summer and early fall. Viruses like herpes simplex virus, HIV, mumps virus, West Nile virus, and others may also cause viral meningitis.
Slow-growing organisms (like fungi and Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that attack the membranes and fluid around the brain cause chronic meningitis. This infection takes place in two weeks or more. Signs and symptoms of chronic meningitis are similar to those of acute meningitis that include headache, fever, vomiting, and confusion.
Parasitic meningitis Parasites may cause a rare type of meningitis known as eosinophilic meningitis. Infection of the brain with tenia (cysticercosis) or cerebral malaria also results in parasitic meningitis. Amoebic meningitis is a rare type of infection that is sometimes spread by swimming in fresh water and can quickly become a deadly disease. In general, the major pests responsible for meningitis infect animals. People are generally sick from drinking water contaminated by these pests.
One factor that increases your risk of developing meningitis is not to complement the recommended immunization schedule in childhood or adulthood. Age is another factor, with most cases of viral meningitis occurring in children below 5 years of age, while bacterial meningitis is more common in people younger than 20 years. In addition to living in a community environment like college dorms and military bases, This contributes to the spread of the germ through breathing and then spreads quickly among a large number of the population. As well as weakening the immune system, this increases the risk of infection.
Meningitis may cause serious complications. The longer you and your child suffer from the illness without treatment, the longer it takes. Increased risk of permanent seizures and neurological damage, including hearing loss, difficulty remembering, learning difficulties, brain injury, walking problems, convulsions, kidney failure, and even death.