According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), between 10 and 30% of the world’s population suffers from itching , which is an annoying symptom. Some parts of the body that can itch include the eyes, nose, and throat.
What are itchy eyes, nose and throat?
- Itchy eyes: Although it may seem a minor problem, it is annoying and can indicate a real problem that may threaten the patient’s vision. In fact, the patient often feels the presence of a foreign body inside his eye, accompanied by redness in the eye and a feeling of burning in it, and secretions from it that vary according to the severity of the case.
- Itchy nose: Is defined as repeatedly passing a hand over the nose from the inside or outside, often due to irritation of the outer skin or mucous membranes of the nose. Itchy nose is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom that indicates other diseases or health conditions such as allergic rhinitis as in most cases.
- Itchy Throat :An itchy throat is a very common sign of hay fever and other types of allergies such as mold allergy. Inhaled irritants can aggravate the throat, making you feel itchy and uncomfortable.
Allergies are one of the most common causes of itchy eyes, nose and throat. An allergic reaction occurs when a substance called an allergen triggers the body’s immune system response. Mold is one such cause. When you inhale tiny airborne mold spores, the body recognizes them as foreign invaders and develops allergic antibodies to combat them. After exposure is over, the body always produces antibodies that “remember” the invader so that any future contact with mold spores will trigger the immune system to react. This reaction results in the release of histamine, which causes itching.
Prevention and treatment
To minimize your exposure to mold spores, outdoors and indoors:
- Limit your outdoor activities when the number of molds is high so that you do not inhale large amounts of mold spores.
- Use the central air conditioner with certified asthma and allergy filters.
- Lower your home’s humidity to less than 35%.
- Pay close attention to mold in washrooms and basements.
- Quickly repair all plumbing leaks.
You can treat itchy eyes, nose and throat in several ways. These include medicines and alternative medicines.
Antihistamines: They work by preventing the body from making histamine.Some common over-the-counter antihistamines include:
- fexofenadine (Allegra)
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
- Desloratadine (Clarinex)
- loratadine (Claritin)
- levocetirizine (Xyzal)
- cetirizine (Zyrtec)
Decongestants : You can use decongestants over a short period, usually no more than three days, to especially relieve an itchy nose. Using them for a longer period of time can create a rebound effect, which means that once you stop your symptoms will only get worse. Common over-the-counter decongestants include:
- Oxymetazoline (Afrin nasal spray)
- Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed / Sudafed B)
Eye drops and nasal sprays: Both can help relieve itching and other allergy-related symptoms for a short time. However, depending on the product, you may need to avoid long-term use. Like decongestants, overuse of certain eye drops and nose drops can cause rebound.Corticosteroids can also help with inflammatory and immune responses. Steroid nasal sprays are usually recommended as a helpful, long-term way to manage allergy symptoms. It is available with or without a prescription.
Immunotherapy: Your doctor may recommend immunotherapy, or allergy shots, if you have a severe allergy. You can use this treatment plan along with medications to control symptoms. These injections reduce the immune response to certain allergens over time.