There are many types of mold, which is a fungus that grows in moist and warm places.They
reproduce through spores and asexual reproductive organs. They float in the air both
outdoors and indoors. Allergens include Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and
Penicillium. If you are allergic to mold, your immune system overreacts when you inhale the
spores and mold allergy symptoms may include a runny or stuffy nose.
What is a runny or stuffy nose?
1-Runny nose: It is excessive secretion of the nose. It can be light or thin fluid or thick
mucus. These secretions flow from the nose to the back of the throat. The terms ‘runny nose’
and ‘rhinitis’ are often used to refer to a runny nose. Runny nose actually refers to a thin
secretion from the nose, which is mostly clear. In terms of rhinitis refers to inflammatory
nasal tissues. Rhinitis often leads to a runny nose.
2-Stuffy nose: This occurs when the nasal tissues, nearby tissues, and blood vessels swell
with excess fluid, causing a feeling of “blockage”. Nasal congestion is a nuisance, especially
if it is severe, as it causes breathing difficulties and trouble sleeping.
Reducing exposure to germs is the best way to prevent symptoms. Here are some of the
ways you can avoid mold spores:
- When working in the backyard, wear a dust mask over the nose and mouth.
- When mold levels are high, close car windows when driving and use air conditioners
when the windows are closed.
- When the nights are humid, close the windows of the house when sleeping because
the concentration of germs is greater on such nights.
- Limit your time outside when it’s humid (on a rainy day, for example) if you have an
allergic reaction to mold.
- Place a dehumidifier in any moldy corner of your home.
- The air conditioning in your home is essential for allergies, so clean your air
conditioner filters routinely.
- Ventilate the bathrooms, especially after showering.
- Clean bathroom surfaces and basement walls regularly with a bleach solution.
- Remove leaves and plants from the area around your home’s foundation.
You cannot avoid mold spores entirely. There are drugs available to help manage your
- Antihistamines can reduce itching, sneezing, and nasal drainage. OTC
antihistamines for itching, sneezing, and runny nose include Alavert or Claritin. There
are prescription medications like Allegra as well.
- OTC decongestants include Actifed, Drixoral, and Sudafed.
- Nasal sprays for temporary relief include Afrin and Neosynephrine. Do not use
decongestant nasal vaporizers for more than a few days as they can cause
- For many allergy sufferers, nasal corticosteroid vaporizers are very effective
treatments. They include Beconase, Flonase, Nasonex, and Veramyst.
- Other allergy drugs work somewhat differently. They range from NasalCrom to
- Immunotherapy, also known as allergy vaccines, may help with allergy symptoms.
However, injections do not work on all allergies or everyone. They are only
moderately effective against allergic mold.
- Flushing your nose with salt water can help with nasal symptoms caused by a mold