Vomiting or throwing up is a forceful discharge or expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth and sometimes the nose. There are many reasons for vomiting, including poisoning, which is the entrance of any harmful pollutant, whether natural or manufactured, into the body causing its damage. Intoxication may occur by inhalation, ingestion, dermal contact, or direct injection into the blood.
Types Of Poisoning that affect the Digestive system
- Food Poisoning: Is Caused by consuming foods contaminated with various types of germs and bacteria, such as salmonella found in raw meat, or toxic chemicals such as those found in mushrooms. Food poisoning caused by bacteria is usually caused by toxins produced by the bacteria, or by its proliferation in the intestine.
- Lead Poisoning: Lead is a very toxic metal. It is found in wall paint, old toys, art supplies, and so on. Lead poisoning happens when lead accumulates in the body. Young children are more susceptible to it because they are exposed to it by putting items containing lead in their mouths. Symptoms of lead poisoning vary and it can affect many parts of the body, including the digestive system.
- Drug Poisoning: The drug is a double-edged sword, as it is a cure-all medicine for a disease if given within the prescribed dosage, which is known as pharmacokinetic limits, but it also can cause several health problems if it is taken in excess doses. If the amount of the drug is exceeded by mistake or on purpose, it may increase its concentration in the blood and cause poisoning. This is known as a toxicity limit.
- Gas Poisoning: It results from inhaling toxic gases such as carbon dioxide, which is a toxic gas produced by burning gasoline, wood, propane, or coal. When there are large quantities of it in the air, the body replaces the oxygen in the red blood cells with carbon dioxide, which causes its accumulation in the bloodstream. Other toxic gases may include coal oxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile toxins such as ethyl alcohol, and organic toxins such as poisons used in agriculture.
Treatment & Prevention
Vomiting is a reflex that allows the body to rid itself of ingested toxins and poisons. If it happens repeatedly, it can make people severely dehydrated, which can lead to serious complications. Our bodies depend on good circulation to carry oxygen and nutrients around. If there’s not enough fluid, circulation doesn’t happen and that can be life-threatening. Consider these pieces of advice if you are suffering from vomiting.
- Drink plenty of water and other liquids after a bout of vomiting to hydrate your body and protect it from dehydration.
- To prevent food poisoning, check expiration dates and thoroughly cook food, especially meat, as well as vegetables.
- If you start to experience symptoms of pre-vomiting, take medication to stop it before it starts. Over-the-counter medications can help.
- In more serious cases, the doctor may advise the patient to have a stomach wash or to obtain intravenous fluids, he may also prescribe some medications.
Our bodies have an immune system, which is a set of vital processes that the organs perform to protect them from foreign bodies such as toxins. Vomiting is not considered a disease. Rather, it is one of the body’s reactions to exposure to toxins and thus helps the body to get rid of them. However, vomiting must be treated because it can cause other health problems, most notably dehydration.