Researchers have long believed that there is a link between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and fibromyalgia. Up to a third of fibromyalgia patients have also been diagnosed with IBS. Additionally, fibromyalgia and IBS are common conditions accounting for 30% or more of referrals to gastroenterology clinics.
What is irritable bowel syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a dysfunction of the colon that causes symptoms in the digestive system like flatulence, poor digestion, and excretion. Although these symptoms are not harmful in themselves and do not lead to a serious illness in the future, they are very boring for the patient. Diarrhea or constipation may prevail, or it may alternate; that is, you may have constipation, then diarrhea, then constipation, and so on. Irritable bowel syndrome changes slightly over time. The most common theory is that IBS is a disorder in the interaction between the brain and the digestive system. In some individuals, intestinal flora abnormalities can occur, leading to inflammation and changes in intestinal function. One of the causes of this syndrome is fibromyalgia.
What is fibromyalgia?
This is a muscular disorder, accompanied by other symptoms of severe pain, which does not show its effect through medical exams and tests. This disease is considered a painful disease because of its effect on the way the brain handles pain signals from all parts of the body, including the irritable bowel, that adversely affects muscles as well as memory.
Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms
Irritable bowel syndrome has three main symptoms: pain, constipation, and diarrhea, which are not all present in the patient. Among the other symptoms are Abdominal pain and cramps that disappear after being in the bathroom. Chronic constipation. Chronic diarrhea in the colon. bloating and gas Bowel movement disorder. False desire to go to the bathroom. Intestinal rumbling (sounds from the abdomen). anxiety disorders and drowsiness; Palpitations and chest pain. Fatigue and lethargy. These symptoms are exacerbated in individuals with fibromyalgia.
How are they related?
Be that as it may, you have more brain activity in the parts that deal with pain. A person’s sense of pain can be improved. The exact problem is misunderstood, but in these functional disorders, your nervous system is hypersensitive or overactive. Your immune system is seen as playing a role, and physicians are also genetic researchers. Stress may cause one of the following functional impairments. In one survey, over half of the patients with fibromyalgia reported symptoms of PTSD that affect the brain.
Treating Fibromyalgia and IBS
If you suffer from both fibromyalgia and IBS, your doctor may recommend prescription medicines, including:
- Tricyclic antidepressants, similar to amitriptyline.
- serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), such as duloxetine (Cymbalta)
- medicines against attacks, such as gabapentin (Neurontin) and pregabalin (Lyrica)
Your doctor may also suggest non-medicinal therapies like:
- cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
- regular exercise
- stress relief
Because fibromyalgia and IBS have similar clinical characteristics and overlapping symptoms, medical researchers are looking for a link that could advance the treatment of one or both conditions.
If you suffer from fibromyalgia, IBS, or both, talk to your doctor and review treatment options. As more is taught on fibromyalgia and IBS individually and together, there may be new therapies for you to explore.