A runny nose or Nasal discharge is an excessive secretion of the nose. It can be clear thin fluid or thick mucus. The fluid may drain through the nose, throat, or both. while nasal congestion, also known as a stuffy nose, is a blockage of the nasal passages due to increased secretions and mucus which leads to insufficient airflow through the nose as a result of swelling of the lining membranes resulting from colds or allergic reaction or inflammation of blood vessels or infection of the paranasal sinuses (sinus infection).
Congested nasal discharge may be caused by anything that irritates or ignites the tissues of the nose.
Common causes include the following:
Both internal and external allergies may cause allergic reactions.
One of the Allergens is Mold, If you are allergic to mold, your immune system will overreact when you breathe in the mold. Mold allergy causes the same signs and symptoms as other types of upper respiratory allergy. Signs and symptoms of mold allergic rhinitis may include a runny and stuffy nose.
Other Allergens include
- Pet dander
These inhaled particles may also irritate the nasal passage, resulting in excess mucus and a runny nose.
The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, causes an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, leading to excess mucus and hence a runny nose.
Sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses) is caused by a cold. It occurs when the hollows around the nasal passage become inflamed. This inflammation also enhances the production of mucus in the nose.
- Respiratory syncytial virus
It is a virus that causes symptoms such as colds, infections in the lungs and respiratory system, and leads to inflammation of the nasal tract and runny nose. It can happen in children as well as adults.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also increase mucus and lead to nasal discharge. It is estimated that non-allergic rhinitis affects about 20 % of expectant mothers.
A stuffy or runny nose can be treated either through home remedies or with the use of some medicines
- Check if your home contains mold, remove it with vinegar or sanitizing and cleaning equipment, and ventilate your home daily. You may also paint the walls with anti-mold paint.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
If your nose is clogged, remain hydrated by drinking lots of fluids. This will help keep the membranes in your airways moist and allow you to drain mucus faster from your sinuses.
- Apply a warm compress.
Applying a hot compress to the nose and forehead several times a day may help relieve symptoms of the upper respiratory tract such as nasal congestion. If you don’t have a compress, try moistening a washcloth with hot water and applying it to your face. This will help to release mucus and alleviate nasal congestion.
- Use over-the-counter medicines.
Cold medications, like NyQuil ™ SEVERE, dry out the nasal passages to help relieve a runny nose with antihistamines and relieve a stuffy nose with a nasal decongestant.
Alternatively, use a soothing rush of Vicks vapors such as NyQuil ™ SEVERE + and VapoCOOL ™ Cold & Flu. These multi-symptom products can also relieve other cold and flu symptoms you may experience such as cough, fever, minor pain, nasal congestion, sinus pressure, and sneezing.