It is very important to get enough sleep every day, as it is one of the best things ever that maintain the health of the body in general and the mind in particular. Having enough sleep has great benefits as it helps prevent many illnesses like Alzheimer’s, improves memory and increases concentration.
The human body requires an average of eight hours of sleep per day. Yet many suffer from sleep disorders. Approximately one-third of adults report symptoms of insomnia and 6-10% meet the criteria for insomnia disorder. It is not easy at all because the difficulty of not getting enough or having too much sleep can lead to a complete disruption in one’s life. This sleep disorder has many forms and causes which may lead to a defect in the nervous system, loss of the body’s balance and reluctance to obtain normal sleep.
Sleep disorders are defined as conditions that cause changes to the way people sleep. It initially affects the functioning of the mind and increases the risk of exposure to other health problems. These disturbances are related to issues of quality, time and amount of sleep, leading to daytime distress and impaired functioning.
They often occur along with other mental or medical health issues, such as over-thinking, depression, diabetes or heart disease leading to exacerbate depression or anxiety.
Some of the signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive sleepiness during the day or at inappropriate times, for example, while driving, difficulty sleeping at night and irregular breathing, increased movement during sleep and irregular awakening.
There are several types of sleep and awakening disorders, the most common of which are:
Insomnia: A term that refers to having trouble sleeping or staying up all night. It may result from a lack of hygiene during sleep, respiratory problems, hormonal changes and many other factors.
sleep apnoea: is a dangerous but frequent sleep disorder. It is when a person’s airway is repeatedly obstructed and their breathing stops, leading to strong snoring, due to lack of oxygen in the body and mind.
Compulsive sleep, or what is referred to as narcolepsy, is a sudden sleep that occurs without warning and at any time, no matter where the person is. the narcolepsy falls asleep out of control and under unusual circumstances while eating, for example, during a conversation or even during an activity.
REM sleep behaviour disorder is when a person misses the muscular paralysis that most people have while sleeping. It involves moving limbs while asleep, shouting or telling a dream unconsciously.
Many steps can be taken to reduce the risk of sleep disorders and to improve sleep patterns for a better life. including waking up at the same time each day to train the body to stabilise its biological clock. Avoid alcohol and stimulants such as nicotine and caffeine, because their effects can last several hours, possibly up to 24 hours. Not only do they cause difficulties and delayed sleep, but also frequent waking. Avoid eating and drinking before bedtime because it will boost your digestive system and keep you awake. Moreover, drinking a lot of liquids before going to bed can overwhelm your bladder, which requires frequent visits to the bathroom and this will disturb your sleep. Finally, try to make your sleeping environment comfortable, for instance by adjusting the temperature and the lighting level. This will help make the room suitable for sleeping and you will feel at ease in your bed . and As the Irish proverb goes, ” A good laugh and a long sleep are the best cures in the doctor’s book.”