What are fungal infections?
Fungal infections or mycoses are infections caused by pathogenic fungi, more commonly called mold and yeast that cause shallow, deep, widespread infection, and dermatophytes that infect hair, nails, and skin.
Common types of fungal infections and their symptoms
1- Fungal nail infections or “onychomycosis”: are common nail or toenail infections that may cause nail discoloration, thickness, and are more likely to crack and break. Infections are more frequent in toenails than in fingernails. Nails with fungal infection are frequently discolored (yellow, brown, or white), Thick and Fragile, or cracked. Some people with fungal toenail infections also have a fungal skin infection on the foot, especially between the toes (commonly referred to as “athlete’s foot”).
2- Candidiasis: is an infection caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida that usually lives on the skin and within the body, in places like the mouth, throat, bowel, and vagina. Sometimes Candida multiplies and causes infection if the environment in the mouth, throat, or esophagus changes in a way that promotes fungal growth. Candidiasis infection can be divided into two types.
- Vaginal Candidiasis or “vaginal yeast infection “: Candida may multiply and cause infection if the environment within the vagina changes in a manner that promotes its growth. Vaginal candidiasis can cause itchy or sore vagina, pain when intercourse takes place, pain and discomfort during urination, and sometimes abnormal vaginal discharge. While most vaginal candidiasis is mild, some women can develop severe infections with redness, swelling, and cracks in the vaginal wall.
- Candidiasis in the mouth, throat, and esophagus, also known as thrush or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Candidiasis in the esophagus (the tube which connects the throat to the stomach) is called esophageal candidiasis or Candida oesophagitis. Esophageal candidiasis is one of the most common infections among persons living with HIV/AIDS.2.
Candidiasis in the mouth and throat may present many different symptoms such as White spots on inner cheeks, tongue, mouth roof, and throat, Redness and pain, a Cotton-like feeling in the mouth, loss of taste, and Cracking at the corners of the mouth. Symptoms of candidiasis in the esophagus generally include difficulty swallowing.
3- Ringworm or “Tinea”: is a common fungal skin infection. It is called a “ringworm” because it may cause a ring-shaped (circular) eruption that is usually red and itchy. Fungi that cause this infection may live on the skin, surfaces, and household objects such as clothing, towels, and bedding. The symptoms of ringworms often depend on the part of the infected organism, but they usually include itchy skin, ring-shaped rash, red scaly cracked skin, and Hair loss
Try to keep the following tips in mind to help prevent the development of dermal fungal infection:
- Make sure you follow proper hygiene.
- Do not share clothes, napkins, or other personal items.
- Wear clean clothing daily, especially socks and undergarments.
- Select clothes and footwear that breathe well.
- Do not wear clothing or footwear that is too tight or has a restrictive fit.
- Make sure you dry properly with a clean and dry towel after showering, bathing, or bathing.
- Wear sandals or flip-flops in the cloakrooms instead of walking barefoot.
- Wipe down shared surfaces, such as gym equipment or mats.
- Stay away from animals that have signs of a fungal infection, such as missing fur or frequent scratching.