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How does fibromyalgia affect females during their menstruations?

Fibromyalgia symptomsPainful menstrual period


Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that causes tiredness and pain in the whole body. Females are more susceptible to fibromyalgia than males. Between 80 and 90 % of those diagnosed are female, according to the National Institutes of Health. The reasons behind this can be linked to hormones, differences in the immune system, or genetics.

Menstrual pain is greater for women with fibromyalgia

Menstrual cramps can be mild or painful, depending on the woman. According to a report by the National Fibromyalgia Association, women with this disease have more painful periods than usual.Most women suffering from fibromyalgia are also 40 to 55 years old. Symptoms of fibromyalgia can worsen in post-menopausal and menopausal women.

The body of a woman produces 40% fewer estrogens after menopause. Estrogen plays an important role in the control of serotonin that controls pain and mood. Some symptoms of fibromyalgia may be consistent with those of menopause, or “perimenopause.” These symptoms include:

  • Pain
  • lack of good sleep
  • The trouble with memory or thinking
  • depression

Certain women suffering from fibromyalgia also have endometriosis. In this case, the uterus tissue develops in other parts of the pelvis. Fibromyalgia may also increase the discomfort associated with endometriosis.

Tinder Points

Aside from diffuse pain, fibromyalgia causes sore spots. These are specific areas around the body, usually close to the joints that hurt when squeezed or touched. The researchers identified 18 potential tender points.On average, women report a minimum of two points higher than men. Women are more susceptible to these sensitivities. You may experience pain at some or all of these locations:

  • back of the head
  • shoulder area
  • front neck
  • upper chest
  • outside the elbows
  • Top and sides of the hips
  • Inside the knees

Tinder points may also be displayed around the pelvic region. Pain that persists for more than 6 months is referred to as chronic pelvic pain and dysfunction (CPD). These pains can start at the rear and go down to the thighs.

How to treat fibromyalgia symptoms during menstrual periods

To treat symptoms of fibromyalgia during menstruation, it is recommended not to change or stop fibromyalgia medications during menstruation and they should be taken regularly.

Medications and treatments for fibromyalgia can include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, exercise, and cognitive behavioral therapy.

For gynecological problems associated with the menstrual cycle, such as severe cramping, the contraceptive pill can be used as an alternative.

Getting plenty of rest before and during your period can also assist in treating the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Other treatments improve your management of pain and other symptoms, including:

  • massage therapy
  • heating pads
  • whirlpool baths
  •  pilates or yoga

It is also important to avoid stressful situations during menstruation, since stress may increase pain and other symptoms of fibromyalgia. Meditation, breathing exercises, and other relaxation techniques can help you keep stress levels under control.

If your symptoms of fibromyalgia get worse during your menses, talk to your doctor about treatment options. Because the symptoms of fibromyalgia vary from woman to woman, an individualized approach to symptomatic treatment can be exactly what your doctor orders.


Fibromyalgia is a lifelong chronic condition that affects both men and women. But women are more susceptible to pain than men, as millions of women with fibromyalgia have unusual pain during the menstrual cycle. The key is to follow the treatment plan and learn more about fibromyalgia.

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