Sneezing, or so-called sternutation is the way the body eliminates irritants from the nose or throat and is unintentional expulsion of the air. It often happens all of a sudden and without warning.
Although sneezing can be quite disturbing, it does not necessarily indicate a serious health condition.
What causes sneezing?
The body has an immune system that protects it from harmful organisms which it recognizes as foreigners and tries to expel. And here comes the role of the nose which represents the first line of defense. It cleanses the air we breathe and ensures that it is free from dirt and bacteria by trapping dirt and bacteria in the mucus. However, sometimes dirt can get into the nose and irritate the delicate mucous membranes inside resulting in sneezing.
A sneeze may also be initiated by:
– Molds: If you have a mold allergy, your immune system overreacts when you breathe in the mold spores such as Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Penicillium, causing you to sneeze.
-Photoptarmosis: is a syndrome that affects certain people so that they get frequent sneezing when leaving from a dark or dimly lit place to a place with a bright light.
This syndrome affects 18-35% of people.
-Pet allergy: Frequent sneezing can be caused by an allergy to pet dander if they live with you at home.
-Allergy to Pollen
-Viral viruses Like influenza,
– Corticosteroids by nasal spray
Other more uncommon causes of sneezing include:
-Stop the use of some medications, such as opioids.
-Inhalation irritants, including dust and pepper.
-breath of cold air.
* Home remedies
One of the most effective ways to prevent sneezing is to avoid the things that trigger your sneezing.
You can also make a few simple changes at home to reduce irritation Like :
-changing your oven filters to keep your home’s filtration system running smoothly.
-Wash leaves with hot water at least (54.4°C) to eliminate dust mites.
-An air purifier can also be used to purify the air of the house.
-If you have domestic animals that drop their fur, cut their fur or take them out of the home.
-In extreme cases, you may need to check your home for mold spores that could cause you to sneeze.
-OTC and prescription medications known as antihistamines can also be used to relieve symptoms.
-in the case of Allergy, you can use a nasal spray to relieve nasal congestion. Some of the most common anti-allergy medications are loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec).
-If you experience a severe allergy, your doctor may recommend allergenic injections which contain pure allergens that prevent your body from interacting with allergens in the future.
If you have an infection, such as a cold or flu, your treatment options are less extensive. you can take an antiviral medication to speed up recovery time if you have the flu.
You should also relax and drink plenty of liquids to help your body recover faster.
Sneezing is a mechanism that your body uses to clean the nose when a foreign substance such as dirt, pollen, smoke, or dust enters the nostrils. The nose becomes infected and you begin to sneeze, which is one of your body’s first defenses against the invasion of bacteria and insects.