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Diarrhea is characterized by loose, watery stools or a frequent need to have bowel movements that usually last a few days and resolve without any treatment. There are two types of diarrhea, acute diarrhea, which is when the state lasts one to two days, and it is the most frequent and chronic diarrhea which lasts for at least four weeks.  It usually results from a bowel disease or inflammation such as celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or Crohn’s disease. You may also have diarrhea following a viral or bacterial infection or parasites. Diarrhea may also be a symptom of the body’s response to toxins, such as food poisoning.


There are numerous possible causes for diarrhea, including:

-the body’s response to toxins

-Food intolerance, for example, lactose.

-Food allergy.

-Negative response to medication.

-Viral infection like the rotavirus.

-a bacterial infection like salmonella, escherichia coli, or parasitic infection.

-Intestinal illness and inflammation.

-Gallbladder or stomach surgery.


Symptoms of diarrhea vary by cause, the most important of these are:


-Pain, cramp, and flatulence.


-Dehydration caused by diarrhea results in quick loss of fluid.

-Bloody stools.

– Frequent need to clean the intestinal tract.


Although diarrhea may occur for several reasons, measures can be taken to prevent it:

Preventing diarrhea from food poisoning

-Delivery of food immediately after preparation.

-Chill leftovers immediately.

-Defrost frozen foods in the fridge.

Preventing diarrhea from virus or bacterial infections

-Frequent hand washing for 20 seconds.

-Use hand sanitizer if hand washing is not feasible.


Many cases of diarrhea are of short duration and respond well to homemade remedies such as :

-modified diet.

– high water consumption.

– over-the-counter medications such as Pepto-Bismol, which may help to stop or slow diarrhea.

If diarrhea is caused by parasitic or bacterial infection, antibiotics can work.

If diarrhea is severe, you may require hospitalization for intravenous fluids.

Diet while diarrhea

Whether diarrhea is occasional or chronic, diet and diarrhea are intimately connected.

When you have diarrhea, some products can help the digestive system get back to normal, such as Brat foods (banana, rice, apple, toast)  or baked cereals such as wheat custard. These foods are light and help stool stick together.

You must also drink a lot of liquids, such as water, coconut water with vitamins or electrolytes, and apple juice, to stay hydrated and replace the fluids that you lost.

There are also some foods that you need to avoid, like:

-Milk and its commodities.

-Fried and greasy foods.

-Processed foods, particularly those with additional foods.

-Raw vegetables.

-Any citrus fruit such as pineapple and cherries.

-beverages with caffeine such as alcohol and coffee.

When to see a doctor?

You should seek medical attention if:

-Diarrhea lasted over two days without getting better.

-Severe dehydration.

-Black or bleeding stools.

-Severe abdominal pain or fever up to 39°C.

If your child is suffering from diarrhea, call the pediatrician if:

-He never gets better after 24 hours.

-His diaper hasn’t been wet in over three hours.

-His fever reached 39°C or more.

-He suffers from dryness in his mouth or tongue.

-He mourns with no tears.


Diarrhea is a common issue and can have many causes. In most cases, a variety of home remedies and medical treatments may be helpful. However, a person should seek medical attention if they are worried about diarrhea or other symptoms.

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