Nausea is a digestive illness that causes the patient to feel uncomfortable in the chest, upper abdomen, or back of the throat often followed by the urge to vomit. While not painful, it can be debilitating and stressful if prolonged. Nausea is a non-specific symptom, which means there are many possible causes, including exposure to toxins.
what is poisoning?
Intoxication is the adverse effect that occurs when a toxic substance is swallowed, inhaled, or in contact with skin, eyes, or mucous membranes. Potential toxic substances include over-the-counter and banned medications such as acetaminophen, aspirin, gases such as carbon monoxide, household products (see caustic poisoning), agricultural products, plants, heavy metals (such as iron and lead), vitamins, animal toxins, and food (mainly some types of mold and fish).
Some toxins cause no harm, while other toxins can cause serious damage or death.
Types of poisoning
1- Accidental poisoning: This is the most common cause of non-lethal accidents in the house. Young children are particularly vulnerable to accidental intoxication at home because of curiosity and a tendency to explore, as are older people, who often have among their medications.
2- Deliberate poisoning: Intoxication can be a deliberate attempt to kill or kill oneself. Most adults who attempt suicide by poisoning use more than one drug or abstain from drinking alcohol to end their life, especially if the person is suffering from loneliness and depression or chronic mental illness that disrupts their life or even physical illness that causes him to suffer constantly and deprives him of the enjoyment of life.
First aid for an infected person
The poisoned person should be removed from the source of the poisoning promptly, moving it to the fresh air outside to breathe fresh air. Rescue attempts are best carried out by professionals or individuals with special training and precautions to avoid the control of toxic gases or chemicals during rescue attempts.
All contaminated clothing, including socks, shoes, and jewelry, must be removed immediately and the skin carefully washed with soap and water. If the eyes have been exposed to chemicals, they should be flushed with water or physiological serum.
Tips for getting rid of feeling nauseous
Nausea can generally be alleviated through self-management measures of low risk but with variable research evidence. The following tips may be helpful:
- Get some rest: Excess activity may aggravate nausea.
- Stay hydrated: Drink cold, light, carbonated, or acidic drinks, such as ginger soda, lemonade, and water, and try to take small sips. Mint tea and oral rehydration solutions such as Paelyte can prevent dehydration can help as well.
- Avoid strong odors: food and cooking smells, perfume, and smoke can be triggering.
- Avoid other triggers: Other triggers for nausea and vomiting include choking chambers, heat, moisture, flashing lights, and driving.
Urgent medication for poisoning
Severe intoxication is best treated in an emergency room. The treatment of patients who are not unconscious depends on the type and amount of poison they have ingested, and if necessary, emptying the abdomen by aspirating stomach contents or washing them, and when the victim is unconscious, or if a strong acid or base substance has been swallowed, the patient should be hospitalized under medical supervision.