Diarrhea is characterized by loose, watery stools or frequent bowel movements. The process usually lasts a few days and often disappears without requiring treatment. There are two types of diarrhea, acute diarrhea, which lasts 1 to 2 days, and chronic diarrhea, which lasts at least 4 weeks.
Main causes of Diarrhea
Diarrhea is usually caused by a bowel disease or disorder, such as celiac disease or Crohn’s disease. You may have diarrhea from a viral or bacterial infection or intoxication. These include food poisoning, drug poisoning, alcohol poisoning, and toxic gases.
What is poisoning
Poisoning (Poison) is any substance that can give rise to a chemical reaction inside the body. This includes highly toxic chemicals such as cyanide and household cleaning products. toxins may also be found in contaminated drinking water, food or medicines.
Pathways through which toxic substances enter the body
Most toxins are swallowed, but they can get into the body in several ways, including:
- Through the nose: by inhaling certain harmful substances, such as the smell of gases.
- Through the mouth: when toxic substances are ingested by the mouth, whether in the form of drinks or solids such as detergents, weathered foods, and medications.
- Through the skin: where harmful chemicals are absorbed by the skin when they come into contact, such as insecticides.
- Through injection: where the poisonous substance is injected directly into the blood; As a drug intoxication.
- Through stinging and biting: such as the bite of snakes and scorpions.
symptoms of diarrhea
The symptoms of diarrhea are numerous and all depend upon the cause. It is common to experience one or more of these effects:
- stomach ache
- bloody stools
- a frequent urge to empty your bowels
- a great quantity of stool.
Dehydration and diarrhea
Diarrhea can make you lose fluids quickly and put you in danger of dehydration. If you do not receive treatment for diarrhea, the effects can be very serious. The symptoms of dehydration include:
- dry mucosa.
- increased heartbeat.
- increased thirst
- decreased urination
- dry mouth
Poison First Aid Procedures:
Rescue breathing must be carried out as soon as possible if the injured person shows no signs of his or her life, for example, movement, breathing, or coughing, and some of the following procedures may be used while waiting for assistance to arrive.
Inhalation of a toxic substance: Transfer the victim to fresh air.
Skin poisoning: Take off contaminated clothing with gloves and rinse skin with water for 15 to 20 minutes.
vomiting of poison: tilt the head of the victim to the side; To avoid suffocation.
Eye poisoning: Gently flush the eyes with cool or lukewarm water for at least 20 minutes, or until help arrives.
Swallowed poison: Remove any residue of poison in the victim’s mouth, and if the poison is a household cleaner, you can read its label and follow the directions on how to treat accidental poisoning.
Many cases of diarrhea are short-lived and respond well to home cures such as:
- modified diet.
- heavy consumption of water.
- non-prescription drugs like Pepto-Bismol, which can help stop or slow diarrhea.
- If diarrhea is caused by parasitic or bacterial infections, antibiotics can work.
- If diarrhea is severe, you may need to be hospitalized for intravenous fluids.